Weaving is an ancient profession. You ever mesmerized how these handmade rugs are woven and how much it takes to make a rug? Persian rugs are proof of this brilliant work. Woven textiles are common in the Persia which is known as Iran. In this article, I am going to elaborate you the history of Persian rugs. How it all started?
It was all started 2500 years ago and was a perfect combination of professional skills and traditions. Persians were like the forefathers of the carpet or rug weaving. Then like a wealth, this skill was given from their ancient forefathers to the son. So, it became popular among them.
The historical data shows that Persian rug was present in the court of Cyrus who was the lord in Persia about 2500 years ago. So it gave us proof that Persian rugs were the sign of wealth and power.
Sassanian dynasty gave us the first documented evidence. The emperor Heraclius took many fine articles of the rugs to form Ctesiphon. The era of Sassanian emperor was from 3rd to 7th century AD. In this time the rugs were also gained prominence in all the linked areas the weaving industry became one of the most prominent industry in the many areas of the country.
In the 13th century, the Moguls invaded the Persia and during this invasion, the weaving industry was declined and in true words, they broke the backbone of the weaving industry. They basically hit the artistic skills of Persia. But skills cannot be buried so the great time came and Tamerlane insisted to work upon the weaving Persian rugs skills. His successor Shah Rokh played a prominent role in the building of Persian rugs and gain flourished the great industry. He made his own looms and
people got a great piece of (discounted Persian rugs) carpets from the court looms. So this was the flourishing era of Persian rugs.
Shah Abbas era
In 1499 Shah Abbas put a major stone in this journey by transforming the industry by the establishment of a royal carpet factory. In this time best designs were produced and the two known designs came from the mosque of Ardebil. The other most important work was the utilization of silver and gold in rug weaving.
During Safavieh dynasty from 1502 to 1736 weaving skills were flourished. It was the dominated era of Iranian carpets. Iranians or Persian gained attention from all over the world. This time shows us the artistic skills of Iranian like weaving, painting, tile working, and calligraphy, etc. this era was the gifted era which gave us the carpet factories in many cities like Herat, Tabriz, Isfahan, and Kashan, etc. so, Iranian build the basis of the great mesmerizing motif designs and the patterns of the rugs which are still trending today.
In 16th century (discounted Persian rugs) carpets were started to export in all over the world like England, America, and Germany, etc. With the passage of time much new weaving, factories were established in all over the country. We still get the finest material rugs and stunning designs. The Persian rugs are seen in every house in Iran. The carpets are in their tradition they use it even from food covering to the symbol of prestige. You can find many domestic factories in Iran, Nowadays the standard and method of production have been improved. We get much better quality Persian rugs even in international markets. The weaving skills are still alive in even small villages and town and fascinating the world with fine work.