Persian rugs are known as the peak of cultural and artistic excellence. In the ancient civilizations Iranians are known as one of the pioneers in history as carpet weavers which have achieved an excellent level of perfection due to the centuries of ingenuity and creativity in this field.
There the skills of carpet weaving are being transferred from each generation to the next which are building and enhancing their skills and handing these to their next generations and this process is being happened in the same pattern for years.
When it comes to tracing the history of Persian rugs or carpets, you have to trace a huge part of the cultural growth of this one of the greatest civilizations which are well-known to the entire world due to its amazing level of creativity in this industry. The beautiful Persian rugs especially Tabriz rugs find their new owners and were being considered as a mark of prestige, distinction and wealth.
The history of Persian Rugs
Have you ever enjoyed walking on the soft rugs and thought about how many time the maker took to develop this beautiful piece of the rug? Or while looking at the patterns of your beautiful Tabriz rugs, have you ever thought about to know the history of Persian rugs? If yes, then knowing the following history which lies the beautiful and artistic Persian rugs is surely going to be better for you to know in this regard.
Well, the amazing history behind the making of amazing Persian rugs and carpets date back to 2500 years back in history. In the beginning, these were being woven for the necessity to cover the floors, walls or doors and were being used to get the protection from damp and cold. Flat-woven rugs were being used by the people to get the flat surfaces with no piles.
Later the techniques of carpet weaving developed from flat weaving to a different technique which was loop weaving. In this technique of rugs weaving the weft strings were being pulled over a rod (commonly gauge rod) and then the maker creates the loops of thread facing the weaver and at the end of the process the rod was being removed or the loops were being cut over those protecting the rod.
And the resulting rug which will be achieved at the entire process would be much similar to the original pile rugs of the present time. While when it comes to the hand-woven pile rugs then these are being produced by knotting the threads strings individually in the wraps and the threads will be cut after every knot.
A Russian Professor discovered an amazing and the earliest existing Persian rugs in the year 1949 during burial mounds’ excavations in Siberia which was dated back to the 500 B.C. that earliest Persian rug is now placed in the Hermitage Museum in Leningrad. Well, in the same area another rug was being found which is dated back to the first century B.C. well, the historical records of these beautiful and earliest rugs are showing that these splendid rugs festooned the court of Cyrus the Great which instituted the Persian Empire more than 2500 years ago.
It is also being said that at the time when Cyrus the Great in 539 BC conquered Babylon was struck with the splendor and it is probably he who introduced the amazing art of rug making in the Persia. Before the time of him, it was very likely about the fact that the Persian knew about the knotted carpet’s use. The herds of the goats and sheep were the providers of high quality, durable and reliable wool for this purpose. Well, the very first documented proof about the existence of the rugs arose from the Chinese text which is dated back to 224 – 641 CE which was the period of the Sassanid.
Some amazing knots of Persian carpets to know
Touching the thick and soft rigs with your hands is surely going to provide a luxurious feel but this can let you feel about how this amazing plush has been created or Are you curious to know about the most amazing knots which are being used in the making of Persian carpets?
In the Persian Empire, the rug makers use two types of knots which reflected their originated areas too. The Turkish knot which is also known as symmetrical knots and these knots are being made by taking the yarn two times around the threads and the outer ends will be loose in the symmetrical patterns.
While the other one is known as Persian knots or Asymmetrical knot in which the wool thread will be looped once around the wrapped thread and the other end will be kept loose to create a beautiful asymmetric pattern. These were the most common knots which are still in use.
An immense variety of designs are available in Persian Rugs
Persian rugs are available in a huge variety of designs all around the world. You can find many of the rugs which have borders around the corners of the rigs and some may arrive with an amazing pattern in the body of the rugs. Most commonly the Persian rugs consist of the different interconnected geometrical patterns or many can be found with the same repeated patterns too.
Some rugs may consist of bold colors while many of others may have a mixture of bright colors to attract everyone towards their beauty with ease. There are various well-known styles of Persian rugs some of them are Tabriz rugs, Kashan, Mashad Nain, Isfahan rugs, etc.
Well, at the present time carpet weaving is known as one of the most extensive handicrafts in Iran. And most importantly these beautiful Persian rugs are much popular all around the world due to the richness of their colors, amazing artistic patterns, perfect quality of wool, spectacular designs and amazing artwork.
Most famous buildings, biggest museums, mansions and most of the other well-renowned buildings all around the world, the Persian carpets and rugs are known as the most treasured possession. There are different design patterns which are being used in Persian rugs most commonly.